what is dengue in English?
What is Dengue? Why should you know about it?
Dengue is a deadly disease caused by a virus and transmitted by a mosquito. As a teenager living in a tropical country like Sri Lanka, you should be aware of this because it is a spreading disease in our country as well. Dengue is spread by four types of virus. High fever and body aches are the main symptoms.
How is dengue different from other viral fevers?
Do all dengue patients develop complications?
No. For most people, dengue fever is like a normal viral fever, it starts as fever and body aches and gets better in a few days. Some do not even know that they have a disease. But some may develop fatal complications. No one can predict which patient this will happen to. That is why it is important to go to a doctor at the first time of the disease.
When the disease becomes serious, our body’s immune system fights against the dengue virus. Then you get fever and body aches. Some structures in the body are damaged in this fight. White blood cells are destroyed along with platelets. In this way, the amount of blood platelets required for blood clotting decreases and bleeding occurs. When the fever subsides, the capillaries, which are the smallest blood vessels, release fluid for about 48 hours. There, small protein molecules like albumin are removed from the blood vessels and accumulate in the chest cavity and abdominal cavity, so the concentration of the blood increases and the blood pressure decreases. Rarely, some patients may develop heart, liver and brain complications.
In cases where the disease is not serious, in 5-7 days the fever will decrease, the appetite will increase and the recovery will gradually improve.
When the disease becomes serious, the patient does not feel well, even if the fever decreases. An important event that gives a warning that the disease will worsen in 5-7 days after the onset of the disease. This can happen in three days in some cases. Because of this, even after the fever subsides, if the illness persists, you should be hospitalized.
Who is at risk of developing the disease?
How is dengue contracted?
Dengue fever is spread by mosquitoes infected with the dengue virus. The hot and humid weather in our country is a perfect environment for dengue mosquitoes to breed. Dengue mosquitoes can breed in old tires, coconut shells, discarded plastic containers or anywhere that collects water. If you live near places where mosquitoes can breed, such as garbage dumps and blocked drainage systems, you are at a higher risk of contracting dengue.
Dengue fever symptoms Treatment of dengue
You can get proper treatment if you go to the hospital without delay. Most dengue deaths in Sri Lanka are due to delayed hospitalization. A proper treatment to destroy the dengue virus has not yet been found. Doctors can treat the symptoms. They are treated with medicines like fever, vomiting, body pain. Fluids are given to the blood through saline. If excessive bleeding occurs, the blood taken from another person called blood transfusion is given to the patient.
If the initial tests confirm that you have dengue, you can be treated at home only if the symptoms are not severe. But you have to visit a doctor daily and have a blood test done. It is essential to be under the observation of a doctor to see if any complications occur. But if there is no facility to do that, you have to do daily blood tests, so you have to go to the hospital and get it done.
If you discuss with the doctor and decide to treat yourself at home, how should it be used?
Bed rest is very important. It is also very important to drink plenty of fluids and stay hydrated. Use only paracetamol for fever. Medicines like Aspirin, Brufen, NASID, Diclofenac Sodium should never be used. They reduce blood clotting.