What Causes Osteoarthritis?
This disease of the hip joint, which often occurs with age, causes stiffness and pain in the joint. Therefore, there is great difficulty in doing activities like getting out of bed and walking. Osteoarthritis is the most common disease of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis disease can occur in any joint of the body such as the hand, knee, hip, or spinal cord.
How does the disease occur?
This condition is caused by an allergy caused by prolonged use on the hip joint. This condition causes damage to the cartilage of the joint and also damages the associated bone.
What are the risk factors for the condition?
Joint injuries, aging. Women are more prone to this condition. Obesity, cartilage problems caused by genetic changes, and changes in the bones of the hip joint.
- Swelling, pain, and tenderness in the hip joint.
- In some cases, the pain may be in the groin, thigh, buttock or even in the knee.
- Sometimes this pain can be a sharp pain and sometimes it is a diffuse pain.
- Stiffness in the joint when getting out of bed and standing up from prolonged sitting.
- Bones can be felt as they collide with each other and at that time the sound of bones can be heard.
- Difficulty performing daily activities such as folding.
How is osteoarthritis of the hip diagnosed?
Here the doctor examines the hip joint clinically. The diagnosis is reached through various tests based on the symptoms. Eg – x-ray reports
What are the treatments for Osteoarthritis disease?
Treatment of this disease primarily aims to relieve pain and minimize the impact on the patient’s daily activities.
Applying ice packs to relieve pain.
By surgery – implanting an artificial hip joint.
What advice is given to the patient in this condition?
Adequate rest, use of a cane, control of obesity, and proper exercise.