venomous snake from 7 down
Snakebite can be introduced as a common health problem in Sri Lanka. There are about 104 species of snakes in our country, but only 06 species of poisonous snakes. There are 4 deadly snakes responsible for most snakebites. Many of these snake accidents are caused by human negligence. Snakebite is still the biggest killer in our village due to lack of prompt action to get proper treatment.
Who are the people most at risk of snakebite?
People who live in areas where there are a lot of snakes, people who often walk through grass where snakes hide, small bushes, dry leaves, people who often walk near fields, near mud pits are more at risk of being bitten by spotted vipers. People who often walk near small ponds and small streams are more likely to be bitten by cobras.
People who sleep on the ground during the rainy season at night are at risk of being bitten. People who work with their hands in backyards, gardens, near garbage dumps are more likely to be bitten by anteaters. People trying to catch and touch snakes.
Symptoms of a snake bite:
Symptoms of snakebites vary depending on the type of snake and the amount of venom involved. A venomous snake has several types of venom in its fangs. They weaken the function of the heart, nervous system, and blood clotting. Snakebite damages tissue.
Here, changes in the nervous system of the heart and blood clotting occur when the snake venom affects the entire body. Changes in the snake-bitten organ indicate that the venom has entered the tissues of the site.
These symptoms may last for a few hours.
- The snake bite site is red. Skin color changes. The area also becomes swollen.
- Venom marks can be seen on the skin.
- Severe pain occurs at the site of the bite.
- Dizziness, vomiting, and faintness occur.
- Weakness of vision, double vision, and blurred vision can be seen.
- Difficulty breathing
- Increased sweating, salivation
- Limbs and coordination impaired.
- Bleeding spots on the skin, vomiting of blood, rectal bleeding, malaise (dark tarry stools). Intracerebral bleeding may also occur.
what is the first aid treatment for a snake bite?
Reassure the patient. Remove fear from his/her mind. Then the rate of spread of the poison throughout the body is low. Position the patient. Place the snake-bitten arm or leg below the level of the heart. Wash the wound thoroughly with soap. Cover the bite with a clean, dry cloth. Remove necklaces and tight clothing from your hands. If the bite is shaken, the poison will spread more, so keep a splint with a piece of wood and tie it so that it does not move. Seek medical attention as soon as possible. If the snake has been safely captured or killed, carry it in a protective bottle.
What should you do in case of a snake bite?
- Avoid tearing by putting your mouth to the wound.
- Avoid cutting the skin around the wound with blades, knives, etc.
- Avoid cleaning the wound with conditioner, betadine etc.
- Avoid scrubbing the wound.
- Avoid putting ice or submerging the snakebite in water.
- Avoid applying a tourniquet to the affected arm or leg.
- Do not wait until symptoms appear to seek medical attention. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
- Avoid drinking alcohol or caffeine.
What is the importance of identifying a snake bite?
By identifying the snake, the type of poison that entered the body can be known. It can treat possible symptoms. In case of acute venomous snakebite, antivenom can be given as soon as possible. Carry the snake in a thick plastic transparent container that can be tightly twisted and covered with a lid.
What are the treatments for snakebites?
Most of the snakes living in Sri Lanka are non-venomous. A small number of species of mildly venomous snakes live, and only a handful of highly venomous snakes. Here, the antidote is given only in acute venomous snake bites like a cobra, spotted viper, oil adder, ringed adder, and sand adder. In the case of snakebites, the antidote is given only when the snake venom has affected the entire body. No antidote is given even if there is evidence that venom has entered the bitten hand or foot. But in case of a cobra bite, if more than half of the hand or foot is swollen, the antidote is given. Almost all major hospitals in Sri Lanka now offer anti-venom injections. Therefore, it is advisable to immediately take the patient to the nearest hospital.