Swine flu 2023
3 years ago, Covid-19, which was reported as a mysterious disease in the Wuhan province of China, has now become a global epidemic. While its side effects are spreading around the world, another disease that can become an epidemic has been reported in China. Scientists have warned that this new pathogenic virus, which has been identified in pigs, can undergo changes and enter the human body very quickly, and if it enters in this way, it can spread very rapidly and become a great epidemic.
In 2009, swine flu caused an epidemic. Known worldwide as swine flu, the disease was caused by an influenza virus strain identified as A/H1N1pdm09. A vaccine for it was later discovered. The new virus now reported from China is similar to the old swine flu, but with new changes. The virus causing the new disease is known by researchers as G4 EA H1N1. G4 for short. From 2011 to 2018, among 179 swine flu viruses identified from 30,000 samples taken from pig farms in 10 provinces in China, this G4 model, which has been newly emerging since 2016, has been reported the most. This virus, which can spread at a very deadly speed, has already entered humans from pigs. But it has not been confirmed that people spread it to each other. However, considering the damage that can happen at such a time, they have focused their attention on developing a new vaccine against this new virus that has been reported in the pig population.
It is good for all of us to be aware of swine flu at this time. Also, it is the doctor’s opinion that the preventive health care methods currently being followed for Covid-19 will also help to avoid this epidemic.
There have been cases of old swine fever or H1N1 influenza also reported from Sri Lanka. But our health departments have so far been able to control it without turning into an epidemic situation. By paying attention to the disease, patients who are suspected to have contracted it are immediately referred to medical tests and those who have definitely been infected with the virus are given immediate antiviral treatment to avoid this disease.
How can H1N1 swine flu be prevented?
swine flu symptoms:
Swine flu is very similar to the common cold and symptoms include fever, runny nose, sneezing, cough, throat infection, headache, and muscle and joint stiffness.
Patients with these symptoms are considered suspected patients of H1N1 influenza and only those with severe or worsening symptoms are admitted to hospitals (public or private).
Only the admitted patients will be referred for laboratory tests to confirm the disease as necessary and prescribed antiviral drugs will be given. Patients with mild flu-like symptoms are given proper outpatient treatment for the common cold and are given proper instructions to follow.
Advice for Swine Flu, influenza patient’s treatment:
- Use appropriate doses of prescribed medications (eg paracetamol for fever control).
- Get bed rest.
- Drink more fluids.
- Eat nutritious food.
- Stay away from family members to prevent the spread of the disease. Wear a mask whenever possible.
- Wash hands thoroughly with soap frequently. Hands should be washed especially after sneezing and coughing.
Avoid covering your mouth and nose with your hands when coughing and sneezing. Use a clean handkerchief or tissue paper for this. Dispose of the tissue paper safely. Wash the wipes with soap as soon as they are wet.If your symptoms persist or worsen, or if the following risk symptoms occur, see a qualified physician immediately.
- Difficulty breathing
- Persistent vomiting
- Pain or tightness in the chest or stomach
- Drowsiness or fainting
- Recurrence of fever or severe cough after symptom resolution.
- Rapid or difficult breathing
- Bluish or gray skin
- Difficulty/decreased intake of liquids
- A decrease in the amount of urine passed or decreased tears when crying
- Persistent vomiting
- Decreased responsiveness
- Restless behavior
- Recurrence of fever and severe cough after symptoms have cleared
People at higher risk:
H1N1 influenza patients belonging to the following groups are at higher risk for complications of this disease, so they should be more aware of their condition. If symptoms persist, they should seek medical attention immediately.
- Age: Children less than 2 years old
- Age: Adults over 65
- Pregnant mothers
Suffering from the following medical conditions:
- Patients with chronic lung diseases including asthma
- Patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases (except patients with high blood pressure) and those suffering from chronic diseases involving blood cells.
- Diabetic patients
- Immunocompromised patients (including patients with H1N1 influenza)
- People under the age of 19 who take aspirin long-term