The researcher’s research paradigm is made up of critical assumptions about how he or she sees the universe. The philosophical premise to be chosen is constructionist, in which the truth is thought to exist within the researcher in exploring what challenges students confront in new covid-19 circumstances. In terms of ontological position, reality is thought to exist in the 22 eyes of the beholder, and the researcher is assumed to be the one who creates it. Furthermore, the researcher adopts a multiple-reality perspective and reports on alleged numerous realities by reviewing a variety of evidence offered by various persons based on their perspectives, emotions, opinions, and experiences.
According to the subjectivity viewpoint, social phenomena are formed by the thoughts and attitudes of social actors (Saunders et al., n.d.). As a result, the researcher’s task is to comprehend the subjective realities of social actors to comprehend the obstacles faced by learners throughout the epidemic.
In light of the axiological perspective, the researcher makes the researcher’s values, biases, and value-driven nature of data acquired from the research field known in the study and reports the researcher’s values, biases, and value-driven nature of data collected from the research field.
Qualitative approaches are employed to analyze obtained data, confirming these philosophical assumptions. As a result, constructivism was chosen as the philosophical base.