Peripheral Vascular Disease Symptoms and Treatment
The cause of chronic leg pain that often causes tiredness and pain in the legs is called Peripheral vascular disease (PVD). This is a condition that occurs in the peripheral blood vessels of the body. Here, the blood vessels that supply blood to the outside of the brain and the heart become constricted or narrowed and blood circulation is impaired. This condition affects both the veins and arteries. The main symptom of this is extreme tiredness and constant pain in the feet. The pain increases especially with walking and goes away when you stop and rest.
Fatigue of the feet quickly and severe pain in the feet with walking, which is relieved with rest. Numbness in the legs and feeling weak. The stunted hair growth or hair loss on the legs. A feeling of coldness in the lower part of the leg compared to the other leg. Chronic non-healing wounds on the bottom of the leg. Shining of the skin on the feet. Decreased rate of nail growth.
Risk factors for the disease:
Smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, age over 50 years, heart disease, stroke or family history of PVD.
Complications caused by the disease:
Non-healing sores on the feet. Dead tissue in the legs, requiring amputation.
Difficulty walking due to leg pain.
Infections in the feet can become septicemia. This is a very life-threatening condition.
To diagnose the disease, the doctor examines the medical history and conducts a clinical examination. Then various tests are done to confirm the disease.
Treatments for this disease:
Here, medicinal treatment as well as lifestyle changes are very important. Changes in lifestyle, smoking cessation. Control of diabetes and hypertension. Physical exercise as per medical advice. Avoiding foods high in fat.
Medicines that reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood, medicines that reduce the clotting of blood platelets in the blood, and medicines to control blood pressure.
Although treated with the above medicinal treatments, when the disease becomes aggravated, the treatment is carried out by some surgeries performed on the blood vessels. Eg- bypass surgery of blood vessels