Opinions About Vaccines
According to the World Health Organization, 8 misconceptions about vaccination are largely responsible for the decline in vaccine use. Those myths are explained below.
1. Vaccines can cause autism.
In the last few decades in Western countries, the measles vaccination process has declined due to an idea presented by a British surgeon named Andrew Wakefield. In an article he published in 1997 in the famous medical journal The Lancet, it was shown that there is a link between the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine (MMR) and the rise in autism among British children. However, several subsequent studies have found no link between the vaccine and autism. Accordingly, The Lancet magazine removed the doctor’s article, and he was also removed from the UK medical register.
However, because of his misconceptions, MMR vaccinations in the UK fell by 92% in 1996 and by 84% in 2002. Although the vaccination rate has now increased to 91%, it is still lower than the 95% percentage recommended by the World Health Organization.
2. Children’s immune systems cannot tolerate many vaccines.
The number of vaccines to be given to children by the age of two is 11. However, some parents fear that giving more vaccines will damage their children’s immune system. Vaccines are usually used to introduce a disease-related virus or bacteria into the body. Accordingly, vaccination prepares the body to respond to a virus or bacteria when it is ingested.
Newborns have developed the ability to respond to foreign antigens even before they are born,* says Paul A. Offit, an American pediatrician. &They develop immunity to respond to vaccines within hours of birth.
3. Those diseases did not exist before the introduction of vaccines.
The argument raised here is that the work done by vaccines is done with greater safety, better socio-economic conditions such as good nutrition and hygiene. It is true that the death rate decreased due to the above mentioned factors in the period before the introduction of vaccines. But it is clear that vaccines are making a big difference in reducing infections.
For example, according to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 5,300 people died of measles in the year 1960, and by 2012, that number had decreased to 450. The measles vaccine was first used in 1963. A study of records between 1963 and 1968 confirms that not only did the number of deaths decrease after the use of vaccines, but the number of cases also decreased dramatically.
4. Most of the victims of the disease are vaccinated.
Opponents of vaccination present this as a strong argument to support their view. No vaccine is 100% effective and the World Health Organization says that between 85% and 95% of vaccinated children are successful. Individuals’ bodies respond differently when it comes to immunity. Accordingly, it cannot be said that the immunity of every person who receives the vaccine will develop.
Vaccinated people are more likely to get sick than unvaccinated people because of the higher number of vaccinated people in the world’s population. Vaccines represented only 3% of the value of the global pharmaceutical market.
5. Pharmaceutical manufacturers are more interested in doing vaccine business.
World Health Organization health economist Miloud Kader has estimated that the value of the world vaccine market in 2013 is 24 billion US dollars. Vaccines represented only 3% of the value of the entire world pharmaceutical market that year. The vaccine market is on the rise due to various reasons including the spread of immunization projects across the world. But rather than getting sick and receiving treatment, controlling diseases by getting vaccines is a way to reduce costs.