This research has focused on the challenges faced by students during new covid-19 situations. The conclusion and recommendations are discussed in this chapter. The first section of this chapter will go through the research study’s summary. In this section, the researcher will describe how to carry out this research and the methodologies that will be used throughout the procedure. Examples of data gathering techniques interviews procedure, after what is the researresearcher’scriteria for evaluating data, and then the researcher shares significant results. It signifies what the outcome of this research is, and the researcher will explain what elements the researcher uncovered. After the researcher has moved on to the conclusion section, that section of the research will express the last impression on the major idea that the researcher has explored across the work. The next section is the recommendation, in which the researcher will make suggestions for how these issues can be remedied to some extent. Finally, the researcher will go on to the Direction for Future Research section, where the researcher will describe the shortfalls that remain untold and will offer a chapter summary.
Summary of Research Study
The COVID-19 crisis had a significant impact on education. After a year, some educators, students, and careers are still trying to figure out how to keep the school going while avoiding COVID-19 outbreaks. This study examined the obstacles that students encountered during the epidemic. There is only a little researchlittleve done to explore this subject matter. In the literature review, researchers have discussed a lot of journals and previous studies which discussed more global insights. But there are only a few about the relations in Sri Lanka.
eLearning appeared to be a panacea. As a result, the use of digital technologies for educational purposes has expanded dramatically. However, all students’ perspectives were varied, with differences among countries and socioeconomic categories. Following school closures, countries around the world use a variety of methods to promote distance learning, including internet learning, television, radio, and take-home packages. After this transformation, students have faced new challges and some existing c challenges have become expanded. n the literature review, the researcher expressed the previous finding related to this study. In the methodology chapter, the researcher covered the study design, research methods, and sample methodologies.
Because this is a qualitative study, the researcher used a qualitative technique to perform it. Furthermore, formal interviews and observations were employed by the researcher to collect data. Thematic analysis is the analytical approach used. Finally, the researcher makes recommendations and concludes.
Even before this pandemic, students have faced challenges like unequal distribution of resources, economic factors like poverty, and technical difficulties. But soon after this infection, students did have not any prior experiences related to this pandemic. After the digital transformation of education, students have faced another challenge as a result of the transformation. Challenges which were existing before the pandemic have expanded because of these factors.
Further, the researcher has found some relationships between data gathered from interviews. Most of the respondents highlighted that, if they have enough money, they could have gone for better connections like SLT Fibre. From that perspective, there can be a relationship between economic factors and connectivity issues. Moreover, all these challenges create stress, pressure, and depression in their minds. When students are having trouble with less money or technical difficulties, they have become fruit. At present they are struggling because of major power cuts, and it also creates frustration and anger within them. Due to this online education lot of students have expressed that, they feel hesitations and anxieties.
Another key finding is that students may feel uncomfortable during the online presentation due to not having a proper place for their studies. The disruptions may bring them frustrations and mental pressures. Ultimately, the researcher has found all those respondents are concerned about their mental and physical health and that concern creates pressure on them.
Finally, the researcher believes that this epidemic poses several obstacles for everyone, and that education is the foundation of every country’s progress. To combat the spread of the
COVID-19, most schools, universities, and institutions throughout the world are closed. The school’s closing causes problems for kids, families, and instructors. As a result, remote learning is a viable option for sustaining the educational system. However, distance learning distances are cut in underdeveloped nations since many parents have never attended school and lack ICT infrastructure, computers, and other demands and desires. The impoverished and technologically illiterate households with lower levels of education and children with low learning motivation suffer the most in this circumstance, which creates inequality. The development of the country can solve these inequality issues and economic challenges. To earn that, the Sri Lankan government should have a proper plan. On the other hand, Curricula should be developed in schools and universities, learning methodologies and procedures should be developed for post-COVID-19, and the system of education itself should be transformed. Following COVID-19, schools and universities devise strategies and procedures for reclaiming lost potions, ensuring students attend school when schools restart and extending on, line learning infrastructures. Finally, the COVID-19 epidemic has influenced developing nations face-to- face surface-to-faces, such as Sri Lanka. As a result, Sri Lanka’s online learning infrastructures should be expanded.
Implications and Recommendations
During the closures, researchers, instructional designers, teaching staff, and educational institutions collaborate to improve the education system. Curriculums should be developed, learning methodologies and procedures should be prepared for post-COVID-19, and the education system should be transformed. Curriculum design, partnerships, developing skills, and academic facilities should focus on developing the education system during closures. There is a disparity between urban and rural kids, students from low-income or high-income families, and students with fluent or uneducated parents. As a result, when schools and colleges reopen, the education system should plan and implement certain evidence-based initiatives to aid in the restoration of the lost amount. Further, the government should implement a long-term plan to reduce inequality and they can facilitate internet connectivity by building more transmission towers. On the other hand, they can discuss with relevant internet service providers to reduce the cost of the data and reduce the initial cost of the Fibre connections.
The education system needs ways for preparing students and teachers to react efficiently and effectively during and during19. They should release students’ mental pressure by creating a friendly environment. When the COVID-19 epidemic is ended, the school system must train everyone to be adaptable and fast to other learning environments during a crisis. The world community may need to assist developing-country educational systems in their attempts to prepare schools, instructors, students, and families for the future (Zhu & Liu, 2020). Moreover, the government can implement collaborative learning. This means usingThisne and traditional learning together. To manage higher education during and after COVID-19, collaborative learning should be included in the course content. A few days of lessons for professors and students may be useful for short technical adjustments, although it may not be quite enough to perform a smooth shift to a collaborative learning approach.
The Sri Lankan government can address the country’s economic issues by executing additional initiatives to replace the lost income and develop new sources of money. The economic decisions are in politicians’ hands. If they improve this country, all of its residents will profit. All these recommendations may not take place overnight, but if users implement these recommendations they can earn a win-win situation.
Direction for Future research
The researcher suggests directions for future studies that, there is a necessity to start research about mental and physical health which students have faced during this pandemic. Further, the most significant fact is this pandemic is very new and people are now getting experiences from them. Therefore, Future researchers may explore more challenges which untold from previous research. Further, there is a necessity to explore physically or mentally disabled students and how they are completing their studies. There can be a few kinds of studies about this in different countries, but in Sri Lanka, it is rare to find studies related to Sri Lanka. Therefore, there is a necessity to explore further on this subject.
This chapter aimed to describe the study findings. The researcher had included an introduction to the debate in the data analysis and discussion chapter. The focus of this section was to discuss the study findings. The researcher included an outline of the debate in the data analysis and discussion chapter. Technical, economic, and health factors significantly affected the students. After using thematic analysis, the researcher met significant themes and selected them for further explanations. Then researcher went over the summary of the findings.