Diseases Of the Thyroid Gland
The thyroxine hormone (T4) is the main one, and in addition, the T3 hormone is secreted in small amounts. But the T3 hormone is more active in the body. T4 hormone is converted into T3 hormone by other tissues of the body.
Thyroxine hormone mainly controls the body’s metabolism. That is why this hormone is essential for the proper functioning of all the organs of the body. In particular, this hormone is an essential hormone for the functioning of the mind and heart of an adult. Moreover, this hormone also performs essential functions such as controlling body temperature and proper functioning of the alimentary tract. Unnecessary stimulation can occur on the thyroid gland affecting the thyroxine hormone.
Since iodine is essential for the production of thyroid hormone, it stimulates the gland to swell in people with iodine deficiency. In some people, thyroid autoantibodies can cause the gland to swell, shrink, or become lumpy. This can cause thyroxine hormone imbalances. There are several other causes of thyroid hormone imbalance. Imbalances also occur due to the stimulation and non-stimulation reasons mentioned above. A minority may be affected by genetic factors.
As with any other gland in the body, thyroid gland over and under function can cause specific disease states. In addition, without any change in the function of the gland, gland disorders may occur due to swelling of the gland and the formation of lumps in the gland. In addition, it is not uncommon to have thyroid cancer with any of the above-mentioned changes.
The condition caused by the decrease in the functioning of the thyroid gland is of a different nature. If it decreases, the condition called hypothyroidism will occur. Thus, the reduction of thyroid hormone has adverse effects on all the organs of the body. It can develop into excessive sleepiness, memory loss, constipation, weight gain, dry skin, excessive hair loss, increased blood cholesterol, cold intolerance and heart failure. This condition is very simple and easy to cure. Basically, thyroxine hormone can be given to the body through pills. The most important thing is to be aware of getting that hormone in the right way. These hormone pills should be taken in the morning on an empty stomach and then the morning meal (food, tea, coffee) should be delayed for half an hour. However, you can drink water. If there is an increase in the activity of the thyroid gland, the disease condition and symptoms are very different from the above.
If the activity of the thyroid gland increases, the condition is called hyperthyroidism. A group of opposite characteristics can be seen here In this condition, excessive sweating, excessive hunger, abnormal weight loss, increased heart rate, palpitations, trembling of the limbs, bulging eyes, excessive body temperature and hyperthermia, mainly hyperthyroidism. Symptoms caused by In some people, the condition can progress to extreme anger, sleepless nights, and personality changes. And especially women can develop osteoporosis.
There are different varieties of hyperthyroidism.
Thyroiditis, which is caused by an infection of the thyroid gland, which usually causes the above symptoms in a short period of time and subsides in 2-3 months, can be caused by viruses or auto-antibodies. Then the gland becomes swollen and painful. In addition, long-term Graves’ disease caused by stimulating antibodies (eg, TRAb, TPOAb) may occur. This is more special than other conditions due to changes in the eyes and especially in the nails and fingertips, changes in the skin of the feet. Due to the long-term effects of the occurrence.
Treatments available for hyperthyroidism:
As mentioned above, treatment methods vary according to the variety of this condition. There are other medical conditions that a person can develop due to thyroid gland. If there is no change in the function of the hormones, the swelling of the gland, the formation of lumps in the gland and the cancerous conditions of the lumps can also occur. It is a special condition that all the conditions mentioned above are common in women at a ratio of about 9:1.
How to diagnose diseases caused by the thyroid gland?
Decreasing and increasing the activity of the thyroid gland is very easy to detect. A blood test can detect the two hormones produced by the gland, T4, T3, and TSH, a hormone produced by the pituitary gland in the brain, which controls the function of the thyroid gland. In addition, to study the lumps and diagnose cancer conditions, ultrasound (Ultra Sound) and a needle biopsy (FNAC) are performed.
Common Myths About Thyroid:
It is unnecessary to completely abandon vegetables like cabbage, radish, but raw in large quantities Frequent consumption of these vegetables may cause some disturbance in the functioning of hormones.
Because thyroid disease, especially those born from birth and people with high concentrations of autoantibodies, are more likely to have to take medication throughout their lives, while other people may recover from these conditions in a few years.
Is thyroxine drug toxic to the body?
If you check from time to time and take the proper dosage that suits you, there will be no adverse effects. Can a person be fatally affected by complications related to the thyroid gland? Because if thyroiditis is left untreated for a long period of time, coma (Myxedema coma) may occur and lead to unconsciousness and death. Generally, older people are more prone to this condition during winters. Without proper treatment for hyperthyroidism, if it becomes very severe (Thyroid storm), the heart becomes hyperactive and the body temperature cannot be controlled and death can occur.
In which cases is thyroid surgery performed?
Surgical removal of the thyroid gland is used as a treatment strategy in cases where it is difficult to breathe and swallow due to the formation of lumps or swelling of the gland, when there are suspicious signs of cancer by FNAC examination, and to remove the unsightly appearance of the neck.
Can thyroid cancer be cured?
Cancer related to the thyroid gland can be completely cured by proper treatment compared to other cancers, and the spread of the cancer to other organs of the body is less likely. Radioactive iodine treatment is helpful for this. Currently in Sri Lanka, blood tests are common and Ultra-Sound tests are done more often, so the disease conditions of the thyroid gland can be diagnosed more often. Diseases related to the thyroid gland can be minimized and complications can be prevented by taking early treatment on proper medical advice.